Article 14

CIT v GRUP ISM P. LTD. (ITA 325/2014 dated 29.05.2015) Delhi High Court  Background: The assessee Company made payment of Rs 56,54,963/- to M/s. CGS International, UAE (“CGS International”) and Rs 37,76,863/- to M/s. Marble Arts & Crafts LLC, UAE (“Marble Arts & Crafts”) (aggregating to Rs 94,31,826/-). The AO noted that no TDS had been deducted by the assessee while making the payment to the said two foreign concerns and asked the assessee to justify the same. The assessee stated that the payments were made towards commission and that neither of these concerns had any business in India and therefore, it was not required to deduct TDS. However, the AO disallowed the amounts stating that the payment made was towards consultancy services and therefore, liable to TDS.  On appeal before the CIT(A), the CIT(A) held that the payment made by the assessee to the two UAE entities would not come within the purview of “technical services‟, as defined in Explanation 2 to Section 9(1)(vii) of the Act and consequently, the provisions of Section 9(1)(vii) were not attracted in the assessee’s case. The CIT(A) also held that Article 14 of the DTAA with UAE is applicable in the facts of the case and that the AO could not have denied the applicability of the said Article on the sole premise that the two UAE entities are companies. Accordingly, since the remittances to such non-resident entities are liable to be taxed in the UAE, no TDS was required to be deducted. The ITAT dismissed Revenue’s appeal and confirmed CIT(A)’s order.  

Liaisoning, inspection, solicitation, procedural services do not constitute ‘FTS’ – Del HC

OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS (AAR No.1110 of 2011) Background The assessee (applicant) is engaged in publishing, printing and reprinting of educational books for schools, Universities, Professional and other educational institutions or scholarly books. The applicant has appointed Ms Geetha Kumararaja, a resident of Colombo, Sri Lanka as a marketing executive that involves promotion of sale of books published by the applicant. The question before the AAR was whether the remuneration received by Ms Geetha was chargeable to tax in India and consequently, whether the payment should be subjected to tax deduction under the income tax Act. 

Sales promotion and marketing activity cannot be construed as ‘fees for technical service’ – AAR